28 Nov Red Light Legality
An IIHS study compared large cities that had disabled cameras at red lights with those with continuous camera programs. In 14 cities that halted their programs in 2010-14, the rate of fatal accidents at red lights was 30% higher than expected if they had left the cameras on. The fatality rate at signalized intersections was 16% higher (Hu and Cicchino 2017). In Russia, turning right to red is permitted only if a separate arrow-shaped green light allows it; The driver must yield the right of way to any vehicle coming from another direction. If the arrow is not lit, rotation in the direction of the arrow is prohibited. In some cities, however, they have allowed turning right, provided there is a continuous green arrow that says “Give everyone the way, you can turn right.”  The Cochrane Collaboration, an international public health organization, reviewed 10 controlled before-and-after studies on the effectiveness of red light cameras (Aeron-Thomas & Hess, 2005). Based on the most rigorous studies, it is estimated that there has been a 13-29% reduction in all types of injuries and a 24% reduction in accidents involving rectangular injuries. In most states, red light camera citations are treated as civil offenses rather than mobile violations. This means that no driver`s licence points are valued and have no actuarial implications.
In some states, the law specifically prohibits insurers from considering red light camera quotes when setting premiums or renewals. In some states (Arizona, California, Oregon), quotes from red light cameras are treated in the same way as quotes issued by police officers who conduct traffic surveillance. Many states have passed laws that allow, restrict, or prohibit the use of red light cameras or speed cameras at the state or local level. Law enforcement may be limited to a specific territory or community. Sanctions tend to be lighter than traditional enforcement. For example, the fine may be lower, points may not be evaluated, or the quote may not be included in the driver`s record. In Romania, it is only allowed to turn right to red if there is a small green flashing light with a right-turn arrow. Motorists must yield to pedestrians and oncoming vehicles from the left. In some one-way streets, the same rule applies on the left to red (e.g. Cluj-Napoca Avram Iancu Square). A number of IIHS studies in different communities have found that injuries caused by red light are significantly reduced with cameras.
Studies in Oxnard, California, and Fairfax, Virginia, have shown a reduction in red light injury rates of approximately 40% after the introduction of red light cameras (Retting et al., 1999; Retting et al., 1999). In addition to the decrease in red lights in areas equipped with cameras, the effect has spread to nearby signalized intersections that are not equipped with red light cameras. In Spain, turning right to red is only allowed if a flashing yellow or green arrow-shaped light is lit. The flashing orange arrow allows for non-priority turning (turn with caution and make room for other vehicles and pedestrians who may cross the path), while a bright green arrow gives priority. If there is only one normal traffic light (no bright arrows), it is forbidden to turn red. [ref. needed] Red light cameras are approved in accordance with the Red Light Traffic Camera Implementation Guide [PDF]. A police officer must be present to use traffic cameras for speed control or red light violations. One of the first steps is to carefully assess intersections where red lights are a problem. Communities must ensure that steps are taken to assess road design and signal timing.
Below is a list of red light and stop sign laws for all 50 states (and the District of Columbia). For more information, visit FindLaw`s Driver`s License Laws section. In the United Kingdom, which drives on the left, it is forbidden to turn left in red. At some intersections, there is a separate green “filter light” in the shape of an arrow that, when lit, allows you to turn left, but conflicting traffic will always have a red signal.  Other non-contradictory traffic movements may have their own green light in the shape of an arrow to the left or right. Sometimes there are special lanes without left-turn signals, separated from through traffic by traffic islands, but right-of-way signs are installed. The correct timing of the signal makes intersections safer. Sufficient yellow weather reduces red light racing and leads to fewer accidents. In Belgium, road signs allowing cyclists to turn right at a red light were included in the traffic law in 2012.
 Such road signs have been installed at intersections in the Brussels-Capital Region.  In Poland, turning right to red is only permitted if an additional green arrow light (other than the main traffic light) is present and illuminated. However, regulations require motorists to stop completely, as their paths cross other vehicles or pedestrians in at least one direction. The green arrow light can also be pointed to the left (the same rules apply).  Previous research conducted in Oxnard, California, found that the introduction of red light cameras resulted in a significant reduction in city-wide crashes and that injury accidents at traffic light intersections were reduced by 29% (Retting & Kyrychenko, 2002). Side head-on crashes – the type of crash most closely associated with driving at red lights – at these intersections decreased by 32% overall, and head-on crashes with injuries decreased by 68%. In the Netherlands, bicycles are sometimes allowed to turn right at a red light (provided that the intersection is designed in such a way that the light is applicable even to cyclists turning right, which is often not the case in the Netherlands). Wherever this is the case, there is a sign “rechtsaf voor fietsers vrij” (free right turn for cyclists) or “rechtsaf voor (brom)fietsers vrij” (free right turn for cyclists and mopeds). [ref. needed] It is perhaps the most universal of all traffic lights: the red light. We all know what it means when we see it: stop.